Vol. 4, Issue 12 (2018)
Assessment of prevalence and clinical outcome of the acute encephalitis syndrome in children’s at DMCH
Author(s): Dr. Rizwan Haider, Dr. Shobhakant Choudhry
Abstract: The purpose of AES surveillance is to estimate disease burden, to understand disease pattern, and its influence on mortality and morbidity. Surveillance helps in documenting the burden of the disease and also helps in proper utilization of scarce resources. Hence based on the literature findings about the Acute Encephalitis Syndrome the present study was planned to evaluate the occurrence, clinical signs and outcome of the AES. The 25 patients suffered from the AES syndrome in the Department of the Paediatrics in Darbhanga Medical College and Hospital, Laheriasaria from Jan 2017 to Dec 2017 were selected from the present study. All the patients were undergone CSF analysis, Fundus examination, Monteux test, Chest X - ray, CT Brain, MRI Brain, EEG, Virological studies. The present study concludes that the reporting and surveillance mechanism needs to be strengthened in all the districts of the state. Private practitioners who participate less in surveillance activities need to be encouraged to do so especially for cases of AES. Reporting and appropriate workup of all cases would strengthen the AES surveillance and go a long way in reducing the morbidity and mortality due to this disorder. Better personal hygiene and nutrition along with proper immunization will decrease the incidence of bacterial meningitis. In order to prevent JE in children, continued vaccination will have to be undertaken.