Introduction: Dermatoglyphic is the scientific study of the pattern of epidermal ridges. Apart from use of dermatoglyphics in predicting the diagnosis of genetic disorders, it is used in forensic science. Breast cancer is by far the most frequent cancer among women. The hereditary breast cancer accounts for 5 to 10 percent of all breast cancer cases, 90% of which involves mutation of BRCA1/BRCA2 genes the present study was conducted to assess any possible correlation between Palmer dermatoglyphics and breast cancer.
Materials & Methods: It comprised of 40 patients of breast cancer. All were informed regarding the study and written consent was obtained. 2 groups were formed. Group I had 40 breast cancer patients and group II had control (40). In all subjects, total finger ridge count was calculated. The a-b ridge count was calculated by counting the number of ridges intersecting a line drawn between the triradius (at the base of the index finger) and b triradius (at the base of the middle finger) of the palm of each hand. The atd angle is the angle between two straight lines joining the triradius a and the triradius d, under the little finger, with a point t, on the lower outer portion of the palm.
Results: Mean total finger ridge count in both groups was statistically significant (p< 0.001). Mean atd angle in both groups was statistically significant (p< 0.001) due to high angular range in cancer groups. Mean a-b ridge count in both group was statistically significant (p< 0.001) due to increased a-b ridge count in breast cancer group.
Conclusion: There were decreased values of total finger ridge count (TFRC) in Breast cancer patients. There were increased values of atd angle in Breast cancer patients. There were increased a-b ridge counts in Breast cancer patients.