Vol. 4, Issue 3 (2018)
Quality of life after the menopause among working women in Kathmandu Valley
Author(s): Rina Shrestha, Dr. Narbada Thapa
Abstract: Background of the study: Menopause is an inevitable reproductive phase during midlife when various physical and mental changes may impair the quality of life of women. The quality of life during the menopause is a complex interaction of several different kinds of variable, which is assessed not only by the frequency and severity of menopausal symptoms, life satisfaction and perceived health and mental status, but also by the individual’s attitude towards loss of fertility, increase in duration of postmenopausal years, educational, working and marital status and also parity like other developing countries. Standard tool (UQOL) questionnaire is used to assess health, emotional, sexual, occupational Quality of life. So far, few studies have been carried out quality of life after menopause among working women in Kathmandu valley. The present study aims to find out the effects of menopause on quality of life with respect to working women in Kathmandu valley by Ms. Rina Shrestha as a partial fulfillment of the requirement for publish in IJMHR. Objectives 1. To identify the effects of menopause on health quality of life. 2. To assess the effects of menopause on emotional quality of life. 3. To find out the effects of menopause on sexual quality of life. 4. To find out the effects of menopause on occupational quality of life. Methods: The research design adopted for this study was cross-sectional descriptive. The aim of the present study was to assess the effects of menopause on quality of life among working women, Kathmandu valley. Stratified sampling techniques were used for the selection of the 3 districts (Kathmandu, Lalitpur and Bhaktapur). Sampling frame (list of the working area such as Government office, financial sector, health sector and NGO/INGO) were prepared and purposive sampling technique was used for the selection of the study population from selected working area. Structured questionnaire were develop and validated by experts and biostastitics. The Collected data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics. The major findings of the study § Majority of the respondents (48.7%) were from the age groups of 51-60 years of age, (66.7%) have formal education and (36.7%) are working in Health sector, (57.0%) belongs to 13-14 years of age of menarche, (52.7%) respondents belongs to 26-30 years of age of first pregnancy. § With regards the respondent’s husband demographic information majority of (49.7%) belongs to 61-65 years of age, (58.7%) have formal education, (23.7%) are self employed/business § With regards history of using vitamin supplementary of respondents majority of respondents (58.0%) were using vitamin supplementary, (36.8%) respondents were using omega 3, (37.7%) were taking for maintain health, § With regards history of physical exercise of respondents majority of respondents (48.3%) were doing yoga. Hour of exercise mean score was 1.59 § With regards history of respondents drink alcohol majority of (57.0%) respondents was drink alcohol, (43.0%) respondents were start drink alcohol from age 21-25 years, Mean score of alcohol consume per week was 1.92. Interpretation and Conclusion: The findings revealed that the improvement of minimum, maximum, mean and SD total 300 respondents, total health quality of life of respondents, minimum score was 1.86, maximum score was 3.29, mean score was 2.64 and SD was .27, total emotional quality of life of respondents, minimum score was 2.00, maximum score was 3.67, mean score was 3.16 and SD was .36, total sexual quality of life of respondents, minimum score was 1.33, maximum score was 3.67, mean score was 1.92 and SD was.53 and total occupational quality of life of respondents, minimum score was 1.29, maximum score was 2.57, mean score was 1.69 and SD was .26.