Vol. 4, Issue 3 (2018)
Prevalence and severity of dental fluorosis among primary school children in AlRass, Saudi Arabia
Author(s): Mohamed S Elsherbini, Zeyad Alsughier, Ramy A Elmoazen, Mohammed Ali Habibullah
Abstract: Background: Dental fluorosis is considered one of the dental public health problems in many countries especially those with high level of fluoride in drinking water. Objective: The present study was carried out to assess prevalence and severity of dental fluorosis among an urban and rural population of Al-Rass and two rural suburbs primary schools. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Samples were surveyed from Urban and rural primary schools, at Al Rass city and two of its suburbs. A total of 1292 children participated in the study with mean age 8.54 ± 1.75 years old. The examiners used Dean’s index criteria to note the distribution pattern of any defects.. Results: It was found that almost half of Rass children aged 6-12 years old have sort of fluorosis and in Dulaimia, the fluorosis in 61.2%. The highest percentage in fluorosis was found in Delaa’ Rasheed with more than three quarter of children have fluorosis (75.4%). Conclusions: The urban regions seem to be the least affected whilst rural regions seem to be the most affected in term of overall prevalence, and severity degrees range from mild to moderate grades of fluorosis were reported to be very dominant among their which could be as a consequence of shortage of dental care providers and the insufficiency of the healthier sources of drinking water.