Seizures are an abnormal, unregulated electrical discharge of nerve cells in the brain or part of the brain. This abnormal discharge can alter awareness or cause abnormal sensations, cause involuntary movements, or convulsions. Convulsions are violent, involuntary, rhythmic contractions of the muscles that affect a large part of the body.
This prospective, hospital based, descriptive study was undertaken in Department of Paediatrics in Patna medical college and Hospital, for 1 year between 1st November 2016 to 31st October 2017. The data from all 602 patients admitted with seizure in age group of 6 months to 5 years were collected and presented as below. The children admitted for other complaints and developing seizures during the course of their illness were included. Seizures in developmentally abnormal children were also included.
Seizures are not only the cause of high morbidity and mortality in children but also are the reason of physical, mental and financial distress for parents. Male preponderance and younger age at presentation were the highlights. Generalized seizures were the far most common type of all seizures. Febrile seizure was the most common etiology in this age group. CNS infection and Neurocysticercosis were also common. Being a developing nation, strict measures to prevent infection through interventions at home and community can reduce the occurrence of seizures in children thus preventing long term neurological squeals in children.