Background: The incidence of skin cancer has been increasing dramatically during the past two decades. Various studies have shown significant and insignificant association of cutaneous malignancy with different common intoxicants like alcohol, tobacco/smoking and betel nuts etc. But to our knowledge no such studies in the North-East region of India has been extensively carried out.
Methods: This study was conducted at Gauhati Medical College & Hospital, Guwahati, Assam to understand the association of Cutaneous Malignancy with Different Common Intoxicants exposed patients. Being a hospital based cross-sectional descriptive study, a total 150 patients of newly diagnosed cases of cutaneous malignancy were procured from the Out Patient Department of Dermatology & STD of the institute during the period of November, 2010 to October, 2013.
Results: (1) Distribution of patient’s personal habits of taking various intoxicants:
The present study history of taking various intoxicants are betel nuts 42 (28%), smoking 15(10%), chewing tobacco 12(8%), alcohol 5(3.33%), smoking and alcohol 2(3%), tobacco and alcohol 5(3.33%), betel nut and alcohol 5(3.33%), smoking, tobacco and alcohol 2(1.33%), tobacco and alcohol; smoking, betel nut and alcohol 2(1.33%), tobacco, betel nut and alcohol 5(3.33%) and smoking, tobacco, betel nut and alcohol 3(2%). However 36(24%) patients did not have the habit of taking any intoxicants. (2) Distribution of use of tobacco/smoking by the patients: The present study tobacco/smoking habits are chewing tobacco 12(8%), smoking Beedi 10(6.67%) and smoking cigarette 6(4%), chewing tobacco & smoking cigarette 16(10.67%), chewing tobacco & smoking Beedi 15(10%) and 91(60.67%) patients did not have the habit of taking tobacco/smoking. (3) Distribution of duration of taking alcohol by the patients: In the present study duration of taking alcohol are more than four years 18(12%), 3-4 years 14(9.33%) and 1-2 years 10 (6.67%). However, 108(72%) patients did not have the habit of taking alcohol.
Conclusion: (1) The personal habits of taking intoxicants of patients such as betel nut, smoking, chewing tobacco have significant association of cutaneous malignancy. (2) Duration of consuming alcohol significantly affect the prevalence of cutaneous malignancy.