Medical training is full of stress and this has been a topic of concern for nearly half a century. Various stressors in the life of a medical student include homesickness, heavy workload, sleep deprivation, difficult patients, financial concerns, information overload and career planning. Hence based on the above literature findings this study was planned to determine the prevalence of depression, its severity and some of the factors associated with the course of study.
A self-administered questionnaire, Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), based on PRIME-MD Today (Primary Care Evaluation of Mental Disorders), was used to provisionally diagnose depression and its grading. PHQ-9 assists in screening, evaluating and provisionally diagnosing depression.
More than half of the students were found to have some degree of depression in our study. The prevalence of depression was found to be highest in the 1st year students when compared to their seniors. As the years of stay in the college increased the prevalence of depression was found to decrease.