International Journal of Medical and Health Research

International Journal of Medical and Health Research


International Journal of Medical and Health Research
International Journal of Medical and Health Research
Vol. 4, Issue 6 (2018)

Menstrual pattern in medical students and their knowledge and attitude towards it


Kanchan Yadav, Rizwana Shaheen, Charu Sharma, Kalpna Goel, Jitendra Jalandhara, Goury Choudhary

Background: The onset of menstruation is one of the most important changes occurring among girls during the adolescent years Menstruation and menstrual practices are associated with taboos and socio-cultural restrictions. Poor personal hygiene and unsafe sanitary conditions during menstruation increase susceptibility to reproductive tract infections and gynecological problems. Objective: To evaluate the menstrual pattern among medical students and to assess their knowledge and attitude towards it. Material and Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted among 100 girls of MBBS students. A questionnaire having thirty questions was designed to acquire information about knowledge and attitude towards it. The data was collected on the anthropometric measurements, menstrual history, lifestyle and psychosocial stress and was correlated with menstrual abnormalities Results: The mean age and standard deviation of girls included in the study were 19.14 years ± 1.136. The Mean age of attaining menarche was 12.96 years ranges were 9-17 years. 52% girls had correct response about actual age of menarche while 45% students have the correct knowledge of duration of blood flow and length of menstrual cycle. The mean duration of menstrual bleeding was 4.5 days with SD of 1.12 days. 75(75%) respondents reported that menstruation lasted for 3-5 days. The most common menstrual disorder was found to be dysmenorrhoea (74%) with premenstrual symptoms accounting for the second most common disorder seen in 49%. Conclusion: The menstrual attitude of girl students can be improved by increasing the menstrual knowledge of them with the help of mothers and teachers. Students should be educated on menstruation and menstrual hygiene and their importance.
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