Vol. 4, Issue 7 (2018)
Seroprevalence of hepatitis B Surface Antigen and anti-hepatitis C virus in HIV positive patients Ajmer, Rajasthan, India
Author(s): Meghna Oilyer, Sarita Sharma, Geeta Parihar, Pragya Sharma
Abstract: The aim was to determine the seroprevalence of HIV, hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV) and co-infection among Hospital based population in Ajmer Rajasthan. Limited data is available, at Rajasthan state level, on the seroprevalence of these blood borne pathogens. Sexually transmitted infections and HIV/AIDS are a major public health concern owing to both their prevalence and propensity to affect offspring through vertical transmission. Serum samples collected over a period of 12 months from August 2015 to July 2016, of patients attending ICTC (G) of J.L.N. Medical College and associated Hospital, Ajmer using rapid card tests. The prevalence of Hepatitis B was found to be 2.5% and Hepatitis C as 1.2%. The prevalence was then estimated for both the sexes and different age groups. Males were more affected than females. The 16-35 age group was affected the most. The present study shows that the HIV patients may be co-infected with other infectious diseases which have mode of transmission through sexual, blood and blood products and others, thus patients may be co-infected with HBV and HCV through these common modes of transmission. The presence of such co-infection may not only affect the natural course of HIV but also influence the clinical presentation and other infection also.