Opportunistic infections among HIV patients attending tertiary care hospital, Bikaner, Northern Western Rajasthan, India
Dr. Ravindra Kumar, Dr. Bhagirath Ram Bishnoi
In 20th century HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) is the most emerging infection and this infection leading to Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) which cause immunosuppersion in patients living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) and making these people susceptible to various opportunistic infections that infections are responsible for morbidity and mortality. The pattern of Opportunistic infection in people living with HIV/AIDS attending ICTC Tertiary care hospital, Bikaner was studied. Detailed history taking, clinical examination and laboratory tests were carried out in 100 patients, Male-65 (65%) and Female 35 (35%). tuberculosis was most common frequent opportunistic infections in HIV patients accounting for 59% of all opportunistic infections, followed by candidiasis in 41% of all patients. Pneumocystosis was seen in 11%, Cryptococcal infection in 10% and parasitic diarrhoea in 17%. Finding points to be importance of early diagnosis and treatment of opportunistic infections in order to improve quality and expectations of life.