Vol. 4, Issue 8 (2018)
Analysis of the correlation of the air pollution indicator and metabolic syndrome in Pingtung area
Author(s): Yu-Li Chang, Tsan Yang
Abstract: Background: There are considerable evidences showing that air pollution in our environment is enough to damage health. The relation between air pollution and cardiovascular disease has been established by a large number of epidemiological studies. And metabolic syndrome is closely related to cardiovascular disease. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of air pollution indicators on metabolic syndrome. Methods: A cross-sectional design was used. The environmental protection agency monitors two monitoring stations for air pollution in Pingtung: Pingtung City, Chaozhou Station, taking the air pollution indicator of Pingtung area from 2011 to 2015 and referring to the people who had adult health check in a regional hospital in Pingtung City as the study subject. Using the data of the metabolic syndrome related indicators in the physical examination database for analysis to assess the impact of air pollution indicators on metabolic syndrome. Results: This study is based on the subjects’ annual physical examination date (month) and calculate one year forward, and then assess the impact on metabolic syndrome against exposed air pollution indicators. The results show that in the one-year cumulated pollutant impact part: PM10, PM2.5, O3, SO2 show significant risks of developing metabolic syndrome. The odds ratio (OR) are respectively OR=1.035 OR=1.035, OR=1.032, OR=1.051, OR=2.062. And CO, NO, NO2, NOx, appears to be protection factors, respectively OR=0.029, OR=0.635, OR=0.855, OR=0.975. Conclusion: The results show that PM2.5, PM10, O3, SO2 are risk factors for metabolic syndrome.