Vol. 5, Issue 1 (2019)
Morphometric analysis of calcaneum in Indian population
Author(s): Arpan Haldar, Manisha R Gaikwad, Amit P Tirpude, Soumya C Bhattacharya, Provas Banerjee
Abstract: Measurements of bones give us information about the individual and the population it belongs to. In the present study, 30 (15 male-15 female) well-preserved calcaneus bones were evaluated in Department of Anatomy, AIIMS Bhubaneswar. With these bones, 7 linear measurements were measured. In calcaneus measurements, right-left side difference was determined in body height (BH) of the bone (P (P<0.05). A significant correlation was detected between all other linear bone measurements except for anteroposterior maximum length (MAXL) of calcaneus and width of calcaneal sulcus (WSC)(P<0.01). By regression of calcaneus measurements, anteroposterior length of the bone can be calculated up to 1mm.Calcaneus is one of the bones commonly used by anthropologists and forensic scientists as it is preserved well. Morphometric values of calcaneus and the analyses made shall contribute to anatomy science, orthopedic surgery, kinesiology and forensic sciences.
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