Vol. 5, Issue 1 (2019)
Final year student’s knowledge of pain management: A survey of nursing schools in Oyo state Nigeria
Author(s): Kolawole Damilare Ogundeji, Aminat Adeyemo, Kehinde F Akinyemi, Samson Omowumi, Adesola K Oluwaleke, Comfort A Ogunleye
Abstract: Background: Literature is replete with studies on final year nursing students’ knowledge on pain assessment and management across the world. This has not been studied in Nigeria. Therefore, it was the interest of the researchers to expand the frontier of knowledge to study the final year nursing students’ knowledge of pain management in Oyo state Nigeria Method: A descriptive cross-sectional design was used to examine the students’ knowledge about pain, pain assessment and pain management. The study setting included a federal (UCH), state (Eleyele) and private (Bowen) nursing schools in Oyo state. A self- structured questionnaire developed from peer reviewed literature was used to collect data from 121 final year students in the three schools of nursing. The data was analysed by descriptive statistics and analysis of variance via the statistical product service solution (SPSS) version 23. Statistical significant was taken at P-Value less than 0.05 Result: The mean age of the respondents was 21.6±2.4. The students demonstrated adequate knowledge of pain, pain assessment and pain management with the mean knowledge score of 9.5±1.1, 9.0±1.3, 7.5±1.4 respectively. Only 1.6% had poor knowledge of pain management. There was a significant relationship between the participants school of training and their knowledge of pain management (P-Value = 0.045) Conclusion: The final year students demonstrated adequate knowledge about pain management, yet there is need for re-evaluation of the pain content of the nursing school programme curriculum especially in the area of pain physiology and pharmacology.