Vol. 5, Issue 10 (2019)
Oral health status among the under five children attending an (OPD) of a Hospital: A study in Dhaka Shishu (Children) Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Author(s): Mohammad Ali, Shammi Akter, Sumaiya marzan
Abstract: Introduction: Oral health and overall health and wellbeing are inextricably connected. The lips, tongue, gum (gingiva), oral mucosa and salivary glands are responsible to maintain the oral health. Oral diseases affect the most basic human needs: the ability to eat and drink, swallow proper nutrition. Objective: To assess the Oral health status among the under five children attending an (OPD) of a Hospital. Methods: A descriptive type of cross sectional study was conducted at Dhaka Shishu (Children) Hospital at children an (OPD) of Dhaka Shishu (Children) Hospital from January to June, 2018. A total 120 under five children’s parents were interviewed through a structured questionnaire followed by oral examination through a checklist. The purpose of the study was to assess the oral health status among the under five children. Study revealed to find out selected dental conditions like dental caries, gingival and periodontal conditions and DMFT score and socio-demographic background. Results: Among 120 children, 81 (67.5%) males and 39 (32.5%) females a male-female ratio of 1.2:1. Age distribution up to 3 years 12.5% number of 15 cases, 3-4 years 18.33% number of cases 22 and 4-5 years 69.17% number of cases 83. Among the total 120 respondents, majority 69.17% (n=83) were in the age group of 4-5 years, male 67.5% (n=81) and female were 32.5% (n=39). Almost 99.17% (n=119) were Muslim. 70.83% children clean their teeth themselves with brush and paste once daily spending 1-3 minutes. Maximum children (73.33%) clean their teeth before breakfast. Fluoridated toothpaste was being used by most of the children (85.84%). Only 4.17% child change their toothbrush every month and 55.83% every two months and 40% after 3-6 months. Dental caries and DMFT score. Here majority 116(96.67%) of the children have dental caries and only 04 (03.33%) children have no dental caries. Upper jaw is affected in case of 29(24.17%) children, lower jaw is affected in case of 31(25.83%) children and both upper & lower jaw is affected in case of 44(36.67%) children. Missing teeth due to extraction absent in 117(97.50%) cases & present in 03(02.50%) cases. Number of filled teeth in 11(9.17%) cases & absent in 109(90.83%) cases. Conclusion: The study revealed that, dental caries among the under five children was a major health concern creating awareness among the people about their own and their children’s oral health through appropriate plan can reduce the dental diseases. Moreover mass media and general education of the people create vital role in this regards.