Vol. 5, Issue 10 (2019)
Nursing personnel’s knowledge and practice regarding infection control measures in neonatal intensive care unit-effectiveness of structured teaching programme
Author(s): Nizzi V, Shivaleela PU, Manimegalai S, Amitha R
Abstract: Background of the study: Neonatal nosocomial infections are an important cause of neonatal morbidity, which occurs frequently causes illness and possibly death. Neonates acquire nosocomial infections from other neonates, nursery personnel, their mothers, or contaminated supplies and equipment. So there is a need to stress upon strict adherence to aseptic protocols in neonatal units if infection rates are to be kept low. Objectives: To assess the effectiveness of structured teaching program on knowledge and practice regarding Infection Control Measures in NICU among nursing personnel in selected hospitals, Tumkur, Karnataka. India. Methodology: The pre-test and post-test pre-experimental design, the samples recruited by convenient sampling technique, consist of 60 nursing personnel in selected hospitals of Tumkur, Karnataka, India. A structured questionnaire was given to assess the knowledge and practice of Infection Control Measures in NICU followed by a structured teaching programme on Infection Control Measures in the NICU and administering the same questionnaire to assess the post-test. Results: The overall mean post-test knowledge score on Infection Control Measures in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit 8.42 with the standard deviation of 1.11 was significantly higher than overall mean pre-test knowledge score on Infection Control Measures in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit 3.95 with a standard deviation of 1.84. And the obtained‘t’ value 16.266 was significantly higher than the table value. Regarding the practice on Infection Control Measures in NICU the overall mean post-test score was 12.35±1.54 was significantly higher than the overall pre-test mean score 3.88±1.96. The obtained‘t’ value 30.055 was significantly higher than the table value. There was no significant association found between the pre-test knowledge score with the demographic variable of the nursing personnel, and regarding the practice on Infection Control Measures in NICU. There was no significant association found between the pre-test practice score with the demographic variable except Experience in Neonatal Intensive care unit was significant. Conclusion: It is very important to make awareness among nursing personnel regarding infection control measures in the NICU.