International Journal of Medical and Health Research

ISSN: 2454-9142

Vol. 5, Issue 10 (2019)

Prevalence of diabetic retinopathy in western India

Author(s): Neha Shilpy
Abstract: Purpose: To estimate the prevalence of DR (diabetic retinopathy) at a tertiary care hospital in western India and to find its association with age, gender and duration of DM (diabetes mellitus). Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted at a tertiary care center in western India from December 2018 to May 2019. The study population consisted of patients with DM. Demographic details and detail fundus examination to diagnose DR was done for all subjects. Prevalence of DR and its distribution with age, gender and duration of DM was calculated. Results: Of the 520 DM patients, 115 (22.12%) had DR. Males were more commonly affected (57.39%). Most patients belonged to the age group of 41-60 years but the prevalence increased with age and patients >80 years had prevalence of 27.27%. Longer duration of DM was also directly associated and the prevalence was as high as 61.84% in patients with DM for >20 years. Conclusion: The prevalence of DR in western India is 22.12%. The disease was more common in males. The prevalence of DR increased with increasing age and duration of DM.
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