Vol. 5, Issue 11 (2019)
Effectiveness of pelvic rocking exercise on Dysmenorrhoea among adolescent girls
Author(s): Nizy John, Rajitha SR
Abstract: Dysmenorrhoea is the most common gynaecologic complaint and represents the leading cause of periodic college or school absenteeism. It is one of the common health problems among women during their reproductive years. Pelvic rocking exercise has been found to relieve menstrual discomfort, relieving pain, improving flexibility restoring mobility, increasing circulation in the discs and spinal tissues, releasing the tight back muscles and maintaining good abdominal tone. The objectives of the study were to assess the pre-test and post-test level of dysmenorrhoea among adolescent girls in experimental and control group, to find out the effectiveness of pelvic rocking exercise on dysmenorrhoea among adolescent girls and to associate the pre-test level of dysmenorrhoea with selected demographic and clinical variables in experimental and control group. A quasi experimental with pretest-posttest control group design was used in this study. The study was conducted in selected arts and science colleges at Kanyakumari District. The samples consisted of 60 adolescent girls. Among them, 30 samples were allotted to the experimental group and 30 samples were allotted to the control group and selected by purposive sampling technique on the basis of inclusion criteria. The tools used for data collection were Demographic Variables, Clinical Variables and Numerical Pain Rating Scale. The study revealed that, the pre-test mean score of dysmenorrhoea was 75.67+13.085 and the post-test mean score was 45.33+27.17. The mean difference was 30.34 and the paired ‘t’ value was 5.511. The obtained ‘t’ value was higher than the table value in experimental group. Hence, it was highly significant at 0.05 level. In control group, the pre-test mean mean score of dysmenorrhoea was 75.33+14.079 and the post-test mean score was 70.33+17.221. The mean difference was 5 and the paired ‘t’ value was 1.231. The obtained ‘t’ value was lower than the table value. Hence, it was not significant at 0.05 level. The study concluded that, pelvic rocking exercise was effective in reduction of dysmenorrhoea among adolescent girls.