Vol. 5, Issue 11 (2019)
Socio clinical assessment of hemoglobin level in childrens suffered from Pica condition in north Bihar region
Author(s): Dr. Satyendra Paswan, Dr. Nagendra Prasad Gupta, Dr. Krishna Kumar Jha, Dr. Nishant, Dr. Shantanu Kumar, Dr. Vivekanand Paul, Dr. Baiju Kumar
Abstract: Pica is a disorder that occurs when children persistently eat one or more non-food substances over the course of at least one month. Pica may not sound like a dangerous problem, but when you consider that the non-food substances that are ingested are frequently toxic or otherwise harmful to the human body, the potential for illness and even death becomes clear. Pica may result in serious medical problems, such as intestinal blockage, poisoning, parasitic infection, and sometimes death. The typical non-food substances that children with pica ingest tend to vary with age. Younger children with Pica frequently eat paint, plaster, string, hair, or cloth. In contrast, older children with Pica tend to eat animal droppings, sand, insects, leaves, or pebbles. Despite the widespread prevalence of pica and its association with multiple health issues, little is known about its causes and consequences. The aetiology is still a matter of debate. Hence the present study was planned for socio clinical assessment of hemoglobin level in childrens suffered from pica condition. The study was planned in Department of Paediatrics, Darbhanga Medical College and Hospital, Laheriasarai, Darbhanga, Bihar. Total 50 cases of the Pica conditions were evaluated in the present study. The data generated from the present study concludes that Pica is a common problem in children but most of the parents think that this is a problem related to the age of the children. There was no difference in prevalence of pica practice between various levels of education. However, women with history of pica practice reported tendency to repeat the practice. Different types of pica practice partly indicated socio-economic status of an individual. Nutritional status and dietary patterns of women with pica practice and those without pica practice were not significantly different.