Vol. 5, Issue 11 (2019)
Sternal morphometry comparison to chest measurements and using roentgenography
Author(s): Dr. Işık Tuncer
Abstract: Objective: Studies such as this are conducted for the purposes of creating a forensic anthropology databank on age estimation and sex determination of skeletonized remains in Turkey. Material and Method: 75 sternum bones were gathered for this study, 54 male and 21 female (mean age: 49±17.12), all belonging Turkish individuals. There were significant differences on measurement values of sternum length on individuals in this study and indirectly in roentgenography. Besides measurements of sternum, chest circumference, chest front and back diameter, length and width values of both lungs were also measured. Results: Measurements from radiographs and wet sternum samples were not very different. This means radiographs are good resource of information. The total length was found to be the best parameter among all the criteria and methods considered. The changes in the body proportions, nutritional, environmental, climatic changes etc, are attributable to secular changes in sternum measurements. Conclusion: When determining biological identity of a dead body osteometric techniques gives best results. Because there may be some defects with radiographic methods. As there are other bones to determine the sex of the dead body, sternum also helps to predict the sex of the body.
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