Vol. 5, Issue 11 (2019)
Factors causing anemia among children living around Darbhanga attending Pediatric department of Darbhanga Medical College & Hospital, Bihar, India
Author(s): Dr. Abhishek Kumar, Dr. Ashok Kumar, Dr. Chandan Kumar
Abstract: Anemia is one of the important health problems in India and also in many other parts of the world. Anemia in children is an important social health problem. Nearly half of the school going children in the developing countries are anemic. Anemia in infants is associated with growth retardation, delayed motor development, poor cognitive abilities, reduced social performance and impaired immune system. Anemia is also associated with increased mortality and morbidity. Most of the children with anemis are asymptomatic and infrequently manifest with pallor, weakness, jaundice, tachypnoea, tachycardia and cardiac failure which results from severe anemia regardless of its cause. Since the clinicopathological patterns of anemia in children are reflected by their underlying etiopathogenetic factors, it is important to study the clinicopathological patterns of anemia to establish their causes. This study is intended to be carried out with an aim to determine the prevalence, patterns and various hematological types of anemia in children. Hence based on these findings the present study was planned for socio clinical study of prevalence and relationship of anemia among pediatric cases referred to Darbhanga Medical College & Hospital. The present study was planned in the Department of Paediatrics, Darbhanga Medical College & Hospital, Laheraisarai, Bihar. Total 760 cases of the childrens referred to the department were evaluated in the present study. Out of 760 cases only 64 cases were found positive for the anemia were evaluated and discussed with the already reported literature. The data generated from the present study concludes that anemia is a major health problem among well-nourished school children belonging to better socio-economic classes. Routine iron supplementation for all groups of children would be of benefit in decreasing the wide prevalence of this problem. There is a need for urgent community participation strategies in the form of counseling the parents for child feeding practices, immunization and sickness recognition from the first year of life. Preventive measures for anemia control in children must be accompanied by measures to prevent underweight and stunting by focusing on integrated child feeding, health and environmental core measures.