Vol. 5, Issue 11 (2019)
Prevalence of traumatic dental injuries of anterior tooth with associated risk factors in children in Patna
Author(s): Dr. Jay Prakash, Dr. Smriti Kumari
Abstract: One of the greatest assets a person can have smile that shows beautiful, natural teeth. An untreated and unsightly fracture of an anterior tooth can affect the behaviour of a child, his progress in school, and can have more impact on their daily living. In Patna city no published literature is available on the prevalence of traumatic injuries in children. Hence, this study was carried out with following aim and objective. To assess the prevalence of traumatic dental injuries of anterior teeth with associated risk factor in children in among 2820 school children between the age of 7 to 14 years in various schools at Patna. A total 2820 children (1551 male and 1269 female) were selected. The children were from patna city age between 7-14 years, in various schools as well as who had attended to department of Paedodontics and Preventive dentistry in Buddha Institute of Dental Science and Hospital Kankarbagh, Patna. The selected children and their parents were explained regarding the nature of study. Informed consent was obtained from parents to allow their children to participate in study. Exclusion Criteria: Children below 6 years medically compromised children; Children who have not undergone traumatic injury to anterior teeth Extremely Uncooperative child Loss of teeth other than traumatic injuries Patient who gave incomplete History. The prevalence of traumatic dental injuries of permanent anterior teeth is 5.5%. Boys are usually more affected then girls in case 2:1 of anterior tooth trauma. Prevalence of traumatic dental injuries was more in the age group of 10-12 years followed by 13-14 years and 7-9 years. Falls during playing were the major causes for anterior teeth fracture. Children with increased proclination of maxillary central incisors (more than 3.5-5.5mm) over sjet were significant of all traumatic dental injuries. Single tooth trauma is the commonest of all types of injuries. Crown Infraction fracture (WHO‟s classification) are predominant of all types of tooth injuries. Subjects with Angle‟s class II Div I malocclusion is more prone to anterior teeth trauma in comparison to Angle‟s class I and class III molar relation. Injuries occur more in patient with increased over jet and with incompetent lips.