Vol. 5, Issue 12 (2019)
Prevention and control of communicable diseases by hands: Microbial flora of the sanitary surfaces of the toilets of the felix houphouët: Boigny University (Abidjan: Ivory Coast)
Author(s): N’gbesso Jean-paul N’gbesso, Félicité Beudje, Nicaise N’guessan A. épse Okoubo, Serge Mambey, Juli landry A ARRA, Mariana Traore épse Aka, Doumbia Mariamou Cisse, Allou Aime Constantin Ahoua
Abstract: Communicable diseases by hands constitute a real problem in public health, especially in sub-Saharan Africa where hygiene conditions are precarious.The study took place at the Félix HOUPHOUËT-BOIGNY University from April to August 2018. The samples were taken from toilet surfaces such as door handles, tap heads, toilet flush buttons and WC seats.A total of three hundred and sixty-eight (368) surface swab samples were examined. The results revealed the presence of total coliforms, Escherichia spp, and Salmonella spp. However, no Pseudomonas spp. Has not been observed. The overall proportions are 36.68% for total coliforms, 36.68% for Escherichia spp and 2.98% for Salmonella spp. The presence of enteric bacteria in the sanitary surfaces of the toilets of the Félix Houphouët-Boigny university represents a health risk for the university population.