Vol. 5, Issue 12 (2019)
Study of anemia prevalence in Darbhanga medical college and hospital, Darbhanga, Bihar
Author(s): Dr. Ved Prakash Gupta, Dr. Binit Singh
Abstract: Of anaemia is seen in developing countries. Anaemia is widely prevalent in India and affects both sexes and all age groups. Global anemia prevalence when examined for each physiological group using the WHO global data on anaemia reports that most affected groups are pregnant women (69%) and school age children. Because of the high prevalence and severe consequences of anaemia are long lasting and possibly irreversible in children has led international organizations like WHO, UNICEF, NFHS, Govt. of India and other NGO’s agencies to reduce the prevalence of anaemia as major goal. Several strategies were implemented to achieve this goal including iron fortification, use of iron supplements, deworming for school children, Mid-day meal programme and education regarding nutrition, but the goal still needs to be achieved. Hence based on above findings the present study was planned for Study of Anemia Prevalence in Darbhanga medical College and Hospital, Darbhanga, Bihar. The present study was planned in Department of Paediatrics, Darbhanga medical College and Hospital, Darbhanga, Bihar, India. The study was conducted from April 2019 to Sept 2019. In the present study total 25 cases of the anaemic childrens were enrolled and evaluated for different parameters. It is evident from our study that a significant proportion of apparently healthy children suffer from anemia. That may be due to faulty habits of consumption of poor-quality diet and rising trend of consuming snack and junk food. Which have lack of iron and other micronutrients. Prevalence of anemia is significantly higher in girls when compared to boys, similar to other studies. This may be due to customs and believes in the families to provide nutritious food to boys than girls.