Vol. 5, Issue 12 (2019)
Prevalence of diabetic retinopathy among diabetic patients referred to Patna medical college & hospital, Patna, Bihar
Author(s): Dr. Richa Choudhary, Dr. Sony Sinha
Abstract: India is set to emerge as the diabetic capital of the world. According to the WHO, 31.7 million people were affected by diabetes mellitus (DM) in India in the year 2000. This figure is estimated to rise to 79.4 million by 2030, the largest number in any nation in the world. Almost two-third of all Type 2 and almost all Type 1 diabetics are expected to develop diabetic retinopathy (DR) over a period of time. Prevalence provides a cross-sectional snapshot of morbidity at that point or period. Studies have shown that as the duration of diabetes increases so does the chance of developing DR. With a chronic disease like diabetes, new cases get added to the pool every passing year and they remain within the prevalence pool for the remainder of their lives. Hence based on above findings the present study was planned for study of Prevalence of Diabetic retinopathy among Diabetic patients Referred to Patna Medical College & Hospital, Patna, Bihar. The present study was planned in Department of Ophthalmology Patna Medical College & Hospital, Patna, Bihar, India. The study was conducted from March 2018 to July 2018. Total 20 cases of the patients suffered from diabetes were enrolled in the present study. Detailed history along with blood pressure measurement and written informed consent were obtained from each patients prior to the study. The data generated from the present study concludes that prevalence of diabetes and DR among both urban and rural population and also risk factors that influence strongly the development of DR. Prevalence studies do have significance apart from providing health-care professionals a crucial information regarding the disease burden; they also implicate the challenges to be conquered in diagnosis, therapy, prognosis, and educating the patient.