Vol. 5, Issue 2 (2019)
Study of prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in patients presenting to Narayan Medical College and Hospital, Jamuhar, Sasaram (Bihar)
Author(s): Dr. Ranjan Kumar, Dr. Jitendra Kumar, Dr. Ravi Shankar, Dr. Amit Kumar Ranjan
Abstract: Background: Vitamin D is a fat soluble micronutrient, deficiency of which is widely prevalent in India despite abundant sunlight throughout the year. Elderly, obese and females are more prone to vitamin D deficiency. Here we have evaluated the vitamin D status in patients attending the outpatient department in a rural hospital setting. Although there are innumerable studies on vitamin D, the data in southern Bihar is limited. Keeping this in mind the aim of our study is to find out the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in our region. Methods: A hospital based cross-sectional study was conducted at Narayan medical college and hospital, Sasaram, Bihar, India. A total of 462 patients of age more than 18 years were included in the study after obtaining an informed consent. The results were expressed as a percentage of the assessed population. Results: Only about 39% of the total study population was normal. 58% were vitamin D deficient and about 3% showed vitamin D insufficiency? Elderly, obese, females and housewives showed a higher prevalence of vitamin D deficiency. Conclusion: Despite abundant sunlight vitamin D deficiency is highly prevalent. Various socio-demographic variables tend to affect the vitamin D status. Further research on a larger population is required to get a wider picture about the prevalence and its causes. Creating awareness and food supplementation can help the target population.