A prospective study on neuropsychological assessment to identify subtype in patients with Schizophrenia
Dr. Hritu Singh, Dr. Sanjeet Diwan
Background: Schizophrenia is a severe chronic mental disorder affecting person’s ability to think, feel and behave. Such patients have lost touch with the reality. Cognitive deficiencies in schizophrenia are related with different symptom subtypes of schizophrenia. Aims and Objective: To study the neuropsychological assessment of schizophrenia patients. Materials and Methods: Forty schizophrenia patients with subtypes as paranoid (n=20) and non-paranoid (n=20) were studied. As part of this assessment comprehensive test battery was used to assess the broad range of cognitive functions like attention, language, executive functions, memory and processing of perception. Results: Subjects with paranoid schizophrenia shows better performance than non-paranoid subjects on events of selective attention or executive function (Stroop Color-Word Interference Test) (F=6.07, p<0.01) and learning or /memory functions (Serial Digit Learning Test) (F=8.43, p<0.00). Conclusion: Basic neurocognitive processes can be used to differentiate the difference between schizophrenia subtypes.