International Journal of Medical and Health Research

International Journal of Medical and Health Research


(MCI Approved Journal)

ISSN: 2454-9142

Vol. 5, Issue 3 (2019)

Morphological variation in shape position and direction of mental foramen with clinical importance in dry human mandible

Author(s): Dr. Nand Kishor Karmali, Dr. Subhash Modi
Abstract: Aim: To study the most common shape position direction of mental foramen in dry mandible with clinical importance in Jharkhand region. Material and Methods: 46 dry mandible were collected from the Department of Anatomy, Mahatma Gandhi Memorial Medical College, Jamshedpur, Jharkhand and were investigated for the shape position and direction of mental foramen Result: Mental foramen was present in all 46 mandibles (45 bilateral and 1 unilateral). Most common shape was oval (58.69%). The most frequent position of mental foramen was in line with the longitudinal axis of the 2nd premolar tooth (64.82%), and the most common direction was postero-superiorly (91.30%). An accessory mental foramen was present in 2 mandibles.
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