Vol. 5, Issue 3 (2019)
Fundus changes in pregnancy induced hypertension
Author(s): Dr. Bhavya HU, Dr. Mahesh Babu, Dr. Nishanth Gowda N
Abstract: The aim of the research is to examine fundus changes in Pregnancy Induced Hypertension and the correlation between the changes, hypertension levels, and the severity of the disease. Observation study was done on all the 120 patients selected from the antenatal wards, antenatal clinic, preeclampsia, and eclampsia rooms. The study was conducted for 14 months in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and the Ophthalmic Output Department for ambulatory patients. Tests that were done and recorded include visual acuity, fundus examination using ophthalmoscope and retinopathy, and proteinuria examination. Among the 120 participants, 24% were below 20 years-old, 75% were between 21-30 years, and 1% above 30years. The age difference had little effect on fundus changes. There was gestational hypertension in 10% of the cases, 75% had preeclampsia, and 15% with eclampsia. There were fundus changes in 30 cases while 90 cases had no changes. There is a significant correlation between the levels of hypertension and disease severity. Ophthalmoscopy is a tool that is needed to determine retinal fundus changes and predict changes in the placenta so that fetal outcomes can be improved.