Vol. 5, Issue 5 (2019)
Knowledge, attitude and practice of mothers towards the acceptance of oral polio vaccine for their children in Mista-Ali community, JOS, plateau state, Nigeria
Author(s): Stephen Nanbur, Shaw Purity Yimi, Gusen Nanle Joseph, Thangeswaran P, Nanvyat Nannim
Abstract: The World Health Organization estimated that, each year about a million infants and children die; and three million become deaf, crippled or mentally retarded because of infections from vaccine preventable diseases. Nigeria remains one of the ‘polio hot zones’; along with India, Pakistan and Afghanistan. This study examines the knowledge, attitude and practice of mothers towards the acceptance of polio vaccine in Mista-Ali community, Jos Plateau State, Nigeria. The research design was a non-experimental descriptive survey. Data were collected using pre-tested, structured questionnaire, distributed to the target population. The reliability coefficient and validity index of the tool were established as 0.94 and 0.97 respectively. The response rate was 95.9%. Data were analyzed using frequency tables and percentages; and the hypothesis was tested using Chi-square technique; with the aid of SPSS version 21. The findings revealed that, the mean age of respondents was 24.5 years. Majority of the respondents (84.3%) had knowledge of poliomyelitis; and nearly all respondents (94.3%) knew about polio vaccine. Further findings identified a statistically significant relationship between knowledge of mothers on poliomyelitis and the acceptance of polio vaccine for their children (X2=10.39 P<0.05). Based on these findings, the researcher recommends awareness campaign on poliomyelitis and polio vaccine for mothers and other care-givers. This will drastically reduce the incidence of poliomyelitis, thereby contributing to the national goal of eradicating polio from Nigeria.