Evaluation of Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) on success of Breastfeeding in Low Birth Weight Neonates
Dr. Amresh Kumar Jha, Dr. AK Jaiswal
Kangaroo mother care is recommended for the routine care of newborns weighing 2000 g or less at birth, and should be initiated in health-care facilities as soon as the newborns are clinically stable. Newborns weighing 2000 g or less at birth should be provided as close to continuous Kangaroo mother care as possible. Intermittent Kangaroo mother care, rather than conventional care, is recommended for newborns weighing 2000 g or less at birth, if continuous Kangaroo mother care is not possible. Based on above reported findings the present study was planned to know the effectiveness of KMC on success of Breastfeeding in Preterm low birth weight (LBW) neonate. The present study was planned in the Upgraded Department of Paediatrics (Neonatology) in Patna Medical College and Hospital, Patna from Dec 2017 to Jun 2018. Total 50 cases of new borns delivered and referred to Department were enrolled in the present study. The enrolled cases were divided in the two study groups as Kangaroo mother care group and normal care group. The data generated from the present study concludes that the KMC is protective against a wide variety of adverse neonatal outcomes and has not shown evidence of harm. This safe, low-cost intervention has the potential to prevent many complications associated with preterm birth and may also provide benefits to full-term newborns. Therefore, capacity training for health professionals and provision of space infrastructure constitute the basic needs which could be funded by International Aid Agencies in order to scale up the program in these settings.