Estimation and evaluation of dentists knowledge and awareness about rubber dam usages in pediatric dental procedures: an original research study
Dr. Sweta Shabnam, Dr. Iram Saba, Dr. Nakul Sharma, Dr. Laiphrakpam Victoria Devi, Dr. Kusumlata Sinha, Dr. Thongbam Lakshmi
Background and Aim: Rubber dam is considered as an ideal device for tooth isolation. Nevertheless, its usage is reported to be low. Rubber dam also facilitates retraction of soft tissues such as the tongue, lips and cheeks during dental treatments. In addition they also prevent aspiration of fine instruments, provide a dry operating field and allow treatment of patients with sensitive gag reflexes. The sole aim of this study was to evaluate the current knowledge and awareness about rubber dam usage among general dental practitioner in Ghaziabad, India. Materials & Methods: This study was totally executed on a cross sectional ideology wherein authors used questionnaire. Firstly, a total of 200 private dental practitioners of Ghaziabad, India were filtered and contacted for the study. However after considering some vital points, this number was finally come down to 100. Authors had performed the study by close ended questionnaire. The questionnaire had questions about the existing knowledge and awareness about usage of rubber dam in target clinicians. Results were tabulated and data was analyzed statistically to estimate the instantaneous knowledge and awareness level. Results: Statistical analysis was done using statistical software ‘Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS)’. The recorded data was subjected to suitable statistical tests to obtain p values, mean, standard deviation, standard error an 95% CI. P ≤ 0.05 was considered as statistically significant. 65 practitioners think that usage of rubber dam must be mandatorily used in pediatric patients. Only 22 practitioners use rubber dam during composite restorations in pediatric patients. 91 practitioners think that UG dental curriculum is inadequate regarding rubber dam. 85 practitioners think that rubber dam makes radiograph taking procedure difficult in pediatric patients. Conclusion: Within the limitations of the study authors concluded that dentist’s knowledge and awareness regarding rubber dam usage was at moderate levels.