Scenario of the low birth weight babies delivered in Patna Medical College and Hospital with respect to maternal and neonatal risk factors
Dr. Amresh Kumar Jha, Dr. AK Jaiswal
The primary cause of LBW is premature birth, being born before 37 weeks of gestation; and another cause of low birth weight is intrauterine growth retardation. However, there are other factors that can also contribute to the risk of low birth weight. These includes: race, mother’s age, multiple birth, mother’s health, low socio-economic status. Hence the present study was planned to assess the maternal and neonatal risk factors of low birth weight. The present study was planned in the Upgraded Department of Paediatrics (Neonatology) in Patna Medical College and Hospital, Patna from April 2017 to December 2017. Total 50 cases of newborns delivered and referred to Department were enrolled in the present study. The enrolled cases were divided in the two study groups based on the weight of the new borns at the time of delivery. Globally, more than 20 million infants are born with Low Birth Weight. The major challenge in the field of public health is to identify the factors influencing low birth weight and to institute remedial measures. The study was attempted to assess prevalence of low birth weight and its risk factors affecting low birth weight. Preterm labour, neonate female sex, low parity, pregnancy age <18 and >35 years old, delivery by caesarean section, maternal medical risk factors in current pregnancy, lower maternal education level, living in the rural area, consanguinity, delivery by untrained personnel were identified as significant factors associated with LBW in this study.