Vol. 5, Issue 7 (2019)
Assessment of endocrine abnormalities in adolescents school going girls with menstrual disorders from Bihar Region
Author(s): Dr. Bibha Jha, Dr. Asha Jha
Abstract: Often it is referred to cause physical discomfort and psychological upset. The modern scientific era has contributed a better understanding to its physiological importance, it is viewed with a scientific perspective nevertheless, differences in attitudes still persists among different population and culture groups. Hormonal imbalance is one of the most common causes for menstrual cramps. The prostaglandins, which are hormone like substances, trigger off contractions in the uterine muscles, which also leads to pain. The higher the level of prostaglandin, the more severe the menstrual cramps are likely to be occurred. Hence the present study was planned to evaluate the Endocrine Abnormalities in Adolescents school going girls with Menstrual Disorders. The present study was planned in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Darbhanga Medical College and Hospital from Jan 2018 to July 2018.Total 100 school going Adolescent girls aged from age 10 years to 19 years were enrolled in the present study. These were divided in the two study groups as Group A and Group B. Group A consists of case and Group B consists of control girls. The available literature indicates, majority of these student population experiences menstrual related symptoms and disorders of various degrees. Lifestyle modification and nutritional counselling for female students could alleviate menstrual problems. It will not only improve the girls current health, sense of well-being and overall quality of life but may also lower her risks for future disease and ill health after proper advice about diet and exercise. Management of these disorders can be done through accurate diagnosis, proper diet, exercise and lifestyle changes along with the services of health care professionals. Hence it is imperative to examine the prevalence, severity, and most common symptoms of menstrual disorders among student populations to promote their quality of life, health and wellbeing of a women during reproductive age.