Vol. 5, Issue 8 (2019)
What epidemiological profile of breast cancer patients treated at university clinics in Kisangani, DR Congo
Author(s): Joseph – Désiré Oleko WA Oleko, Richard Tongo Ngbanda, Pierre O Lohohola, Justin K Likoko, Chantal N Zingabako, Puis T Mpiana
Abstract: Cancer is now a public health problem worldwide. Most cases of cancer patients are found in underdeveloped countries, particularly in Africa. This study aims to determine the epidemiological profile of patients treated at clinics in Kisangani, Democratic Republic of Congo from 2015 to 2018. In our retrospective descriptive study, we obtained the following data: the prevalence of breast cancer was 15.1%; the sex ratio (M / W) is 1/9; the reason for the consultation is the breast nodule (53.1%) and swelling (43.7%); cancer affects the left breast (65.6%) and the right breast (43.4); the most exposed patients are on average 50 years old (53.1%); the origin of patients: urban communes (74.1%) and rural communes (25.9%); the duration of hospitalization is generally greater than 17 days (53.1%); the current treatment is radical breast surgery + lymph node dissection (56.2%) and the discharge modality is generally in a state of improvement (40.6%).
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