Vol. 5, Issue 8 (2019)
Assess the effectiveness of computer assisted teaching programme on knowledge regarding early detection of hearing impairment in infants among mothers in a selected community in Bangalore
Author(s): Amitha R, Shivaleela P Upashe
Abstract: Background of the study: Hearing loss is not being able to hear sound in one or both ears. Infants may have some hearing loss at birth. Hearing loss can also develop in children who had normal hearing as infants. The loss can occur in one or both ears. It may be mild, moderate, severe, or profound. Profound hearing loss is what most people call deafness. Sometimes hearing loss gets worse over time. Other times it stays stable and does not get worse. Signs of hearing loss in infants vary by age. A newborn baby with hearing loss may not startle when there is a loud noise nearby. Older infants, who should respond to familiar voices, may show no reaction when spoken to. Children should be using single words by 15 months, and simple 2-word sentences by age 2. If they do not reach these milestones, the cause may be hearing loss. Early identification followed by prompt and appropriate management can effectively reduce the impact of deafness and hearing loss on the life of an individual. Neonatal and Infant hearing screening programmers are an effective strategy for early intervention in cases of congenital and early onset hearing loss. Objectives: To determine the effectiveness of computer assisted teaching programme on knowledge regarding early detection of hearing impairment in infants. The objectives of the study were: To assess the pre-existing knowledge regarding hearing impairment and early detection of hearing impairment in infants among the mothers staying in selected community. To develop a computer assisted teaching module for the early detection of hearing impairment in infant. To compare the pre and post existing level of knowledge on early detection of hearing impairment among the mother in a selected community. To associate the pre-test knowledge regarding early detection of hearing impairment in infant among the mothers staying in selected community with their selected demographic variable. Methods:An evaluative approach was adopted and a pre experimental design was used for the study. Infant mothers who came to Kannalli PHC Bangalore were the samples and the sample size was 40. Infant mothers were selected by non-probability convenience sampling. Result: The data obtained were analyzed using descriptive inferential statistics in terms of frequencies, percentages, mean, mode, SD and Chi-square‘t’ value. Sample characteristic in pretest revealed that 95% of mothers were inadequate knowledge; only 5% of mothers were having moderate knowledge and none of mother reported the exposure to literature on EDHI adequately. From the findings of the study it was clear that the mean posttest knowledge score 17.5 with SD of 2.28 was significantly higher than the mean pretest knowledge scores 5.67 with SD of 1.8 and computed paired ’t’ value 28.52 is higher than table value 2.02 at p0.05 level. There was significant association found between the pre test knowledge score of mothers with their post test knowledge score. The study reveals that there is no significant association between selected demographic variables like age, education, religion, residential area, family income, parity, previous knowledge and source of knowledge in relation with pre-test Knowledge scores of post natal mothers at p0.05. The present study attempted to assess the effectiveness of CATP regarding EDHI and found that the developed CATP was effective in improving the knowledge of infant mothers regarding EDHI in infant and its management.