Vol. 5, Issue 8 (2019)
Factors responsible for incidences of hypertension in females from Bihar region
Author(s): Dr. Devendra Kumar Sinha
Abstract: If the situation of the risk-factors for the hypertension is identified in the population, and appropriate action is taken to reduce the adverse-health life styles; the prevalence of hypertension will be effectively controlled. Hence based on above literature findings the present study was planned to evaluate the factors responsible for incidences of hypertension in females from Bihar region. The present study was planned in Department of Medicine, Darbhanga Medical College and Hospital, Laheriasarai, Darbhanga, Bihar from January 2018 to july 2018 Total out of 378 females visiting the Hospital for the routine check-up 50 cases were identified with the symptoms for the hypertension were included in the present study. The detailed information were collected regarding the all basic factors. As we know, the main factors that contribute to the development of high blood pressure include age, sex, unhealthy diet, tobacco use, physical inactivity, harmful use of alcohol, obesity, etc., impact of these main risk-factors were taken into account for the present study. The data generated from the present study concludes that increase in age, large family size, occupation, obesity, use of oral contraceptives and diabetes mellitus were found to be associated with hypertension. There is a necessity for the health care providers to take note of this trend and institute appropriate preventive measures, including changing life style modifications. Also many of the participants identified as pre hypertensive are at risk of developing hypertension, thus immediate interventions are indicated, including information, education and communication activities to generate and sustain health awareness; promote blood-pressure check-ups; and reduce mean sodium consumption at the community, household and individual levels.