Vol. 5, Issue 8 (2019)
Pattern of seminal fluid abnormalities in male partner of infertile couple: A single center study in eastern India
Author(s): Dr Kumar Rohit, Dr. Rohit Upadhyay, Dr. Khalid Mahmood, Dr. Prabhat Ranjan, Dr. Vijoy Kumar
Abstract: Introduction: Male factor accounts for 30% of cause of infertility, while combined male and female factor comprise an additional 20%.Current reference range for semen parameter have been taken from WHO manual published in 2010. We are heavily dependent on western literature and research for scientific data related to the disease. The purpose of this research was to integrate the understanding of epidemiology and infertility in our geographical region. Methods: This was a cross sectional study conducted among male partners of infertile couple aged more than 21 years of age who visited the OPD of the Department of Urology and Reproductive Biology of IGIMS, Patna, during the period from January 2016 to November 2017. Patients with age < 21 years, or having history of recent febrile illness or on drugs which might influence seminal parameters were excluded from the study. Results: In our study male factor abnormality was present in 38.5%. Most common age group with abnormal seminal parameters was 31 – 40 year. Azoospermia was present in 7%.Most common single factor abnormality was oligospermia 31%.Oligoasthenoteratozoospermia was present in 5.4% cases. Conclusion: A high percentage of semen fluid and sperm morphology abnormalities were found in males of infertile couples. Further studies are needed to address possible etiologies and treatment of oligospermia in our region to improve fertility rates.
Please use another browser.