Comparative evaluation of diagnostic accuracy of mammography and ultrasonography in breast cancer patients from Bihar region
Dr. Syed Arshad Hussain
Mammography and sonography are the standard imaging techniques for detection and evaluation of breast disease. Mammography is the most established screening modality. Especially in young women and women with dense breasts, sonography appears superior to mammography, and differentiation between solid tumours and cysts is easier. Sensitivity and specificity of sonography or mammography are higher if sonography and mammography are combined. Hence based on above findings the present study was planned to evaluate diagnostic accuracy of mammography and ultrasonography in breast cancer patients. The present study was planned in Department of Radio- Diagnosis, Narayan Medical College and Hospital, Sasaram, Bihar from Jan 2018 to July 2018. The 25 women’s with breast lesions detected on clinical examination/self breast examination and referred for mammography and women in high risk groups (family history of breast cancer, previous history of breast cancer and disease like fibrocystic disease, excessive exposure to ionising radiation and history of endometrial, ovarian or colonic carcinoma. Mammogram and ultrasonography are two important non-invasive investigations available for evaluating breast diseases. Mammogram is more efficient in diagnosing malignant diseases of the breast, whereas ultrasonography is more efficient in diagnosing benign breast diseases. The combinations of ultrasonography and mammogram will diagnose almost all diseases of the breast. In this study we confirm that ultrasonography when combined with mammography in detection of breast lesions has more specificity, sensitivity, and accuracy when compared to a single modality in detecting breast lesions.