Vol. 5, Issue 9 (2019)
Clinical efficacy of Itriphal Mulayyin and Arq-e- Mako in Urticaria (Sharaa): A case Series Study
Author(s): Qutubuddin Khan, Hashmat Imam, Manzar Alam, Waris Ali
Abstract: Urticaria is one of the most frequent skin diseases. It is characterized by pruritic wheal and flare-type skin reactions with or without angioedema that usually persist for <24 hours. In Unani literature it is illustrated as Sharaa. Sharaa is basically a type of Basoor-e-Safravi. Sharaa can be arise due to abnormality occurs in any khilt but mostly due to Safravi Khoon (bilious blood). Urticaria is defined as ‘acute’ if it lasts for less than 6 weeks and ‘chronic’ if it lasts for more than 6 weeks. ‘Episodic’ urticaria, which occurs intermittently, but recurrently over months or years, is also recognized. In Kitabul Mansoori, Razi described two types of Shara, one caused by mixing of Khalis Safra (Pure Bile) in blood and other by mixing of Namkeen Balgham (Salty Phlegm) in blood. If the cause of urticaria is some specific food then it should be avoided, if possible the patient should skip meals for at least two times, hot, spicy and salty diets should be avoided like fish, mango, brinjal and red chilies. In conventional system of medicine Urticaria is usually treated with anti-histaminic drugs where as in Unani Medicine those drugs are beneficial which acts as Qat-e-Safra and evacuate the morbid material from the body like Aloo Bukhara (Prunus domestica), Tamar Hindi (Tamarindus indica), Sana (Cassia angustifolia), Turbud (Operculina turpethum), Gul-e-Surkh (Rosa damascena), Gul-e-Nilofar (Nelumba nucifera), Post Halela Zard (Terminalia chebula) etc. If Sharaa arise due to Damvi Khilt then fasd (venesection) and hijama bil sharth (wet cupping) done for evacuation and elimination of morbid humors. This case series study will be new vistas for the management of Urticaria.