The magnitude of osteoporosis among post-menopausal women in a tertiary care hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Dr. Abdul Matin, Dr. Nadira Parvin, Dr. Samsur Rahaman Biswas, Dr. Akhter Hossain, Dr. GU Ahsan
Introduction: Osteoporosis is a heterogeneous group of abnormal processes characterized biologically by the net loss of bone, which results in a decreasing total mineralized bone without a decrease in the ratio of bone mineral to the organic matrix. In general, women lose about 1% of their bone density per year during and after menopause. However, nearly 35% of women lose bone at a faster rate during the late Perimenopause period. Material & Methods: This was an analytical cross-sectional study conducted to find out the magnitude of osteoporosis among the post-menopausal women visited to National Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedic Rehabilitation, Dhaka, Bangladesh and to find the association with the risk factors of osteoporosis. Results: The result conclude that among the 300 respondents, the mean age was 65.66±12.31. The study population comprised mostly Muslims (84%), followed by Hindus (13%) and the least numbers of respondents were the Buddhist (3%). The mean age at menopause (± SD) was 47.35(±3.78) years and mean weight was 61.76 (± 0.18) kg. According to WHO criteria, in our study out of 300 respondents, 89% of respondents had Osteoporosis, 7.66% were osteopenia and 3.33% had Normal BMD at wrist site. There was a significant positive correlation between increasing age, overweight, low calcium intake, lack of exercise, and low BMD. Thus, high prevalence of osteoporosis in periand postmenopausal women is a major health concern. Although no symptoms occur prior to fracture, BMD and other risk factors can be used to identify highrisk patients, and because effective interventions exist, many of these fractures are now preventable. Conclusion: Due to the carelessness of people on their diet, habit, they are finally led to osteoporosis but yet they are still far from the prevention and treatment.