Gender differences and suicide intent among patients with depression
Dr. Siddharth Aswal, Dr. Vinod Kumar Aswal, Dr. Aviral Verma
Suicide is a word that many people like to avoid. Talking about suicide makes most people cringe and makes them very uncomfortable. Suicide affects teenagers and young adults around the globe each year. There are well-documented gender differences in adolescent suicidal behavior; death by suicide is more common in males, while nonfatal suicide attempts are more common among females. Over the past three decades, researchers have documented the effectiveness of a myriad of suicide prevention initiatives. However, there has been insufficient attention to which types of suicide prevention interventions are effective in changing attitudes and behaviors for young males and females. The aim of the study was to assess the level of Suicide Ideation among male and female patients of depression. The sample of 70 patients suffering from depression were selected from the OPD and IPD of Department of Psychiatry, Pacific Institute of Medical Sciences (PIMS), Udaipur on the availability basis. Beck Scale for Suicide Ideation (BSS) was administered on the male and female patients suffering from depression. The scoring of the tests was done according to the manual. Results showed that female patients suffering from depression were found to perceive more suicidal ideation and intent as compared to the male patients suffering from depression. It was concluded that intervention strategies must be prepared for the depressive disorder patients along with the other treatment strategies.