Comprehensive assessment of ‘CBCT’ in evaluating bone loss around dental implants in patients with mandibular implant supported over dentures: An original research study
Kulbir Singh, Bavneet Kaur, Farha Naz
Aim: The sole aim of this study was to evaluate bone loss around implants after insertion of implant supported over dentures using CBCT. Here authors had attempted to assess the existing bone level around mandibular dental implants using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT).Materials & Methods: The present study was entirely based on a cross sectional perspective. Firstly, a total of 10 completely edentulous patients those rehabilitated by implant over dentures were selected by randomized sampling procedure. The implants were divided in two groups. Group I consist of the implants of the right side of the jaw and Group II consisted of implant placed on the left side of the jaw. Finally, the twenty inserted implants were studied in detail for bone losses in post operative phases. The mesial, distal, buccal and lingual bone level around the dental implants was evaluated; using the CBCT. Statistical Analysis and Results: Statistical analysis was completed by statistical software Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS). The recorded data was subjected to appropriate statistical tests to obtain p values, mean, standard deviation, standard error an 95% CI. P ≤ 0.05 was considered as statistically significant. All participating patients were divided into 3 groups depending upon their age ranges. 4 patients were belonging to the age range of 35-44 years consequently we can presume that most of the patients were belonging to younger age groups. P value was significant in the age range 55-64 years. The measured value was 0.00. Significant inferences were drawn for all bone losses at all measured surfaced in all studied implants. Conclusion: Within the limitations of the study authors concluded that the CBCT analysis of bone level revealed noticeable bone loss around all aspects of the inserted twenty dental implants. These findings would have been unrecognizable if authors would have used two dimensional radiographic measures.