Evaluation of basic factors & outcomes in the cases admitted to pediatric intensive care unit
Dr. Kripa Nath Mishra, Dr. Randhir Kumar Mishra, Dr. Anil Kumar, Dr. Sanjay Kumar Nirala
Infectious diseases contributed majority of admissions in the past especially in developing countries like India. But now non-communicable diseases are also in rise. Mortality is proportional to the underlying nature of the disease, physiological status on admission and the quality of care of course. In this study, we aimed to identify the indication for PICU admission and outcome and to correlate the cause for poor outcome. Immediate outcome like death and intact neurological survival are measured. If the pattern of PICU cases and outcome is known, it will be easy for us to strengthen the facilities to manage those type of patients. In future we can reduce the mortality and improve the quality of care rendered to the public. Hence, based on above reported findings the present study was planned for evaluation of basic factors & outcomes in the cases admitted to pediatric intensive care unit. The present study was planned in Department of Pediatrics, Darbhanga Medical College and Hospital, Laheriasarai, Darbhanga, Bihar, India. Total 50 paediatrics cases admitted to Pediatrics Intensive Care Unit were enrolled in the present study. All cases were admitted in PICU and treated as per the protocol. The clinical profile such as age, sex, history, co morbid conditions, condition on arrival, provisional diagnosis at arrival is noted. The duration of hospitalization and outcome is recorded with final diagnosis. The PICU is a special unit of health care delivery service for patients who are critical with potentially recoverable diseases. PICU requires a vast use of up-to-date equipments and highly skilled staffs and demands a tremendous amount of time and effort on behalf of the medical and nursing staff to treat and improve survival of the critically ill patients.