Evaluation of serum parameters in children of age less than 10 years diagnosed with dengue fever
Dr. Nagmani, Dr. Chandra Bhushan Kumar
Dengue fever is an acute febrile disease, endemic in tropics, caused by four closely related Dengue viruses. It is transmitted to humans by the Aedes aegypti mosquito, which unlike the malaria causing mosquito Anopheles feeds only during the day. The disease is now spreading internationally. Dengue is not contagious. It spreads only through the bite of an infected mosquito. Dengue presents with sudden onset of fever, severe headache, muscle and joint pains (severe pain that gives it the nick-name break-bone fever) and rashes on the body. There may also be gastritis with abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, or diarrhoea. Hence based on above findings the present study was planned for Evaluation of Serum Parameters in Children of Age Less than 10 years Diagnosed with Dengue Fever. The comprehensive study was conducted for the duration of 1 year (2018-2019) in the Upgraded Department of Paediatrics, Patna Medical College & Hospital, Patna, Bihar, India. Total 755 children below age of 10 years referred to our department were enrolled in the present study. Out of that 30 cases were found positive for the dengue fever. Hospital based studies on the risk of shock and death in severe dengue in tropical Asian countries showed that the percentage of admitted cases developing shock, ranged from 9 to 60% and within hospital, case fatality rates ranging from 0.2 to over 9%. Early recognition and prompt initiation of appropriate treatment are vital to reduce disease related morbidity and mortality. Focus should be on effective implementation of surveillance, vector control measures through source reduction and personal prophylaxis against mosquito bites, especially during monsoon months.