Assessment of factors responsible for head injury and patterns of head Injury in Bihar
Dr. Prem Prakash, Dr. Ashok Kumar Jha
The most prominent and vulnerable part of human body is head which made it more vulnerable for injury in road traffic accidents. Head injury has been defined as a morbid state resulting from gross or subtle structural changes in the scalp, skull, and/or the contents of the skull, produced by mechanical forces. Most common vehicular accidents happen with two wheelers as they constitute main vehicle fleet in India. Hence based on above findings the present study was planned for Assessment of Different Factors Responsible and Different Patterns for the Head Injury in Bihar Population. The present study was planned in Department of Surgery, Vardhman Institute of Medical Sciences, Pawapuri, Nalanda, Bihar. In the present study 50 cases of the different age and sex undergone the head injury were enrolled and evaluated for the underlying parameters. Clinical information included age, gender, mode of trauma, interval between trauma and medical aid provided, duration of stay in the hospital, complaints like vomiting, convulsions, ENT bleeding, headache, level of consciousness, associated bony injuries, vital signs, pulse rate, body temperature, blood pressure, respiratory rate, pupillary reflexes, radiological examination findings, brain computerized tomography (CT) scan findings, interventions, and outcome. The severity of the head injury was quantified using GCS. The data generated from the present study concluded that most common cause of head injury overall was road traffic accidents. The victims were mostly males of the age group 21-30 years. Most of the patients of head injury were managed conservatively.