Role of computer tomography in evaluation and diagnosis in brain trauma
Hilal Ahmad Shah, Anand Prakash Verma, Maajid Mohi Ud Din Malik
Background: Head injury is considered as a major health problem that is a frequent cause of death disability. CT scan remains essential for detecting lesions that require neurosurgical intervention as well as those that require in hospital observation and medical management. Objectives: The aim of the study is to evaluate the computed tomography finding in patients sustaining traumatic brain injury and to emphasize the importance of computed tomography scan in head injury.Methodology: The study was conducted for the period of four months. It comprised a total number of hundred patients resenting to the emergency room(ER) with head injury and were evaluated by CT scan of head using Philips Ingenuity 128 slice CT machine installed in NIMS Hospital. Result: In this study patient with traumatic brain injury has investigated by CT scan head to rule out any head injury. The total number of 170 patients are investigated among them all underwent for CT brain. Patients are distributed according to age, gender, type of trauma and finding on CT scan. In age distribution between 1-15 yrs are 11%, 16-40 yrs are 51%, 41-60 yrs are 23% and above 61 years are 15%. Out of one hundred seventy patients 71% male and 29% female. Total number of cases are observed among them RTA are 76%, FALL are 14% and ASSAULT 10%. Which shows normal finding 56%, fracture 24%, haemorrhage 15%, and contusions 5%.