Knowledge and practice toward diabetes self-management and diabetes complications among recently diagnosed diabetic patients in hail region
Abdelhafiz Ibrahim Bashir, Alharbi Abdulrhman Naif, Alharbi Muhannad Fatim, Alanazi Hamad Hulayyil, Al shammari Hassan Abdullah, Al salwah Homoud saad
Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a metabolic disorder characterized by hyperglycemia. Patients with diabetes are at higher risks of developing chronic complications, including nephropathy, retinopathy, and cardiovascular and atherosclerotic complications. Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the Knowledge, attitude and practice toward diabetes complications among diabetic patient in Hail region.Methods: A cross-sectional community-based study was conducted at Hail City in December 2019 to February, 2020 using a self-structured questionnaire, randomly selected participants over the age 18 who were diagnosed with diabetes with the past 4 years in different primary clinic and hospitals in Hail city. Result: A total of 402 participants took part in this study with a response rate of 89.3%. About 59.7% of respondents had a good knowledge, 30.3% had moderate knowledge, and 10% had poor knowledge about diabetes self-care and complications. However, patients’ practices are poor with only 301 (79.2%) take their medications regularly, 182 (47.9%) respondents are on medical nutrition therapy, and 81 (21.3%) respondents exercise regularly. Conclusion: The findings of this study showed that the knowledge toward lifestyle modification and complications of diabetes were found to be good. However, the result of practice of lifestyle modification was low.