Vol. 6, Issue 4 (2020)
Profile of quality of life among knee osteoarthritis patients: A descriptive study
Author(s): I Putu Indra Yudha Masdika P, IB Gede Darma Wibawa, Noviana Joenputri
Abstract: Introduction: Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common joint disease worldwide. OA most often affects the knee and hip joints. This disease is multifactorial and consists of two types of OA including primary and secondary OA. The main symptoms are pain, loss of ability, and joint stiffness. Knee OA has a significant negative impact to the quality of life (QoL) of patients. Objective: to evaluate QoL of knee OA patients who came to the Orthopedic Clinic at Mangusada Regional General Hospital, Badung, Bali-Indonesia. This study was a cross-sectional descriptive study. All of the data were obtained from direct interviews to the patients using the EuroQoL–5 Dimensions–3 Levels (EQ-5D-3L) questionnaire. Results: A total of 51 patients were included. The majority of knee OA patients were women (64.7%), age more than 60 years (41.2%), and body mass index (BMI) 18.5-23.5 kg/m2, grade 2 of Kellgren-Lawrence grading system of knee OA (54.9%), and had no history of knee trauma (92.2%). Majority of patients did not experience any problem in 5 dimensions of EQ-5D-3L including mobility, self-care, usual activity, pain/discomfort, and anxiety/depression. Some problems mostly appeared in pain/discomfort (76.5%) and mobility (31.4%) dimensions. Conclusions: In this study most of patients did not experience problems in all dimensions. Hence, it showed a good QoL in knee OA patients. More attention, proper management, and modification of modifiable risk factors can give positive impact on knee OA patients.