Knowledge, attitude and practise of emergency contraception among women of reproductive age group attending teaching hospital of Uttarakhand
Minakshi Singh, Richa Sinha, Chitra Joshi
Background: Emergency contraception (EC) is a method of contraception that is used to prevent pregnancy after an act of unprotected sexual intercourse. EC is intended for occasional or emergency use only and not as a regular means of contraception. Unintended pregnancy poses a major challenge to the reproductive health of young adults in developed countries. Objective: 1. Assess the knowledge, attitude and practice and acceptance of emergency contraceptive pills among women of child bearing age. 2. Identify barriers to the use of emergency contraceptive pills among females of reproductive age group. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among women of reproductive age group attending theobstetric and gynaecological OPD by using anonymous pretested structured questionnaire and respondents were asked all types of questions which could help us to assess their knowledge attitude practice and acceptability of emergency contraception. Results: Out of 350 females surveyed 89.71 % of females have knowledge of emergence contraceptivemethods, however only 18.57% women were using it. Main source of information was mass media in 49.36 % of cases.75.79 % were aware of correct timing of its usage, 81.52% of women uses it after unprotected intercourse and 53.50 % women recommends it to other women and 52.3% women experience some kind of menstrual disturbance after using it and large number 89.23 % women found it to be effective in preventing unwanted pregnancy. Although it has been provided as over the counter drug its usage among females is less due to hesitation in demanding and worry of having side effects after its consumptions. Conclusions: Formal education is the key to solve the problem of less usage of emergency contraceptives and needs to be publicized by professional associations, women's health groups, grass root level workers and NGOs to spread awareness and use of emergency contraception to avoid unintended pregnancy.