to assess the level of knowledge, social attitude & diagnostic capabilities of doctors (KAP) regarding leprosy, at practicing tertiary care hospital of Vadodara, Gujarat, India
Krunal B Tralsawala
Objective: To assess the level of knowledge, social attitude & diagnostic capabilities of doctors (KAP) regarding leprosy, at practicing tertiary care hospital of vadodara, Gujarat, India. Study Design: Cross-sectional, observational study. Materials and Methods: A pretested and pre-validated questionnaire consisting of 26 questions was administered to 200 doctors working as interns, Medical officers as well as junior residents in various specialities of this tertiary care hospital. The questionnaire covered all aspects of leprosy including clinical features, treatment & stigma to assess the knowledge and attitude towards leprosy patients. The collective sum of correct answers was taken to classify them. Clinicians who marked more than 21 questions correctly were considered to have excellent knowledge, whereas those having 8-14 & 15-21 correct answers classified as average and good knowledge about disease respectively. Respondents with less than 7 correct answers were marked to have poor knowledge. Results: A total of 200 doctors were included in study out of which 180 had given valid consent for participation in study. It was found that a total of 74 doctors (41.11%) had a good knowledge whereas 22 (12.22%) doctors had poor knowledge about the disease. Fifty nine of 180 (32.77%) had average whereas 25 out of 180 (13.9%) had excellent knowledge. Conclusion: Clinicians were lacking in knowledge & Practice regarding Leprosy which must be taken care of to bring down prevalence of disease globally.